Guaimar IV di Salerno 1 2

Nom de naissance Guaimar IV di Salerno
Identifiant Gramps I5028
Genre masculin
Âge au décès environ 41 ans, 6 mois, 2 jours


Événement Date Lieu Description Sources
Naissance [E6672] vers 1011      
Décès [E6673] 3. juillet 1052      
Note sur l'événement



Relation avec la souche Nom Date de naissance Date de décès Relation dans la famille (si différent de la naissance)
Père Guaimar III di Salerno [I5035]1027
Mère Gaitelgrima di Capua [I5036]1027
         Guaimar IV di Salerno [I5028] vers 1011 3. juillet 1052


    Famille de Guaimar IV di Salerno et Gemma di Capua [F2539]
Mariés Femme Gemma di Capua [I5029] ( * + après décembre 1070 )
Événement Date Lieu Description Sources
Mariage [E7749] avant 1032      
Nom Naissance Décès
Landolf di Salerno [I5811]après 1040après mars 1092
Sichelgaita di Salerno [I5022]vers 104227. juillet 1090


Guaimar IV (c. 1013 – ass. June 3 or 2, 1052) was Prince of Salerno (1027–1052), Duke of Amalfi (1039–1052), Duke of Gaeta (1040–1041), and Prince of Capua (1038–1047) in Southern Italy over the period from 1027 to 1052.
He was an important figure in the final phase of Byzantine authority in the Mezzogiorno and the commencement of Norman power. He was, according to Amatus of Montecassino, "more courageous than his father, more generous and more courteous; indeed he possessed all the qualities a layman should have—except that he took an excessive delight in women".

At a synod in Benevento in July 1051, Pope Leo IX beseeched Guaimar and Drogo to stop the Norman incursions on church lands. Soon Drogo was assassinated, probably by a Byzantine conspiracy. The next year, on 3 June 1052, Guaimar too was assassinated in the harbour of his capital. The four assassins were the brothers of his wife Gemma. Guaimar's brother Pandulf of Capaccio was also killed, but Guy of Sorrento escaped while Guaimar's sister and niece were locked up. The brothers-in-law seized the city and elected Pandulf, eldest among them, prince.
Guy fled to the Normans and soon the four conspirators were besieged in Salerno by a large Norman force and Guy's Sorrentine army. The assassins' families soon fell into their enemies' hands and they negotiated their release by releasing Gisulf, Guaimar's son and heir, to Guy. Guy accepted their surrender soon after, promising not to harm them. The Normans, however, who maintained they were not bound by Guy's oath, massacred the four brothers and thirty-six others, one for each stab wound found in Guaimar's body. Thus the Normans showed their loyalty to Guaimar even after his death.
Guaimar's legacy includes his dominion, either by conquest or otherwise, over Salerno, Amalfi, Gaeta, Naples, Sorrento, Apulia, Calabria, and Capua at one time or another. He was the last great Lombard prince of the south, but perhaps he is best known for his character, which the Lord Norwich sums up nicely: "...without once breaking a promise or betraying a trust. Up to the day he died his honour and good faith had never once been called in question."

[source Wikipedia]

Arbre généalogique

  1. Guaimar III di Salerno [I5035]
    1. Gaitelgrima di Capua [I5036]
      1. Guaimar IV di Salerno
        1. Gemma di Capua [I5029]
          1. Landolf di Salerno [I5811]
          2. Sichelgaita di Salerno [I5022]


Références des sources

  1. Charles Cawley: Medieval Lands - Foundation for Medieval Genealogy [S0099]
  2. Wikipedia [S0052]